11 Characteristics of Computer | What is a Computer, Limitations of Computer

Characteristics of Computer

There are many characteristics of computer. You can easily communicate with a computer and utilizes the information it generates.

With the computer, you can have instant access to information from anywhere in the world. Today the computers are playing a major role in everyday life.

What is a computer?

A computer is an electronic device that works very fast. A computer can able to perform very long operations and capable of reading data.

A computer works under the instructions given by you. One of the main work of a computer is to process data into information.

What is Data?

Data is a collection of unorganized facts, which can include words, numbers, images, and sounds. The Computer manipulates and process data to create information.

It is also called the raw information.

What is Information?

Information is data that is organized, meaningful and useful. Examples are reports, newsletters, a receipt, a picture, an invoice, or any cheque. Process data is called information.

Also Read-- Importance of computers in different sectors.

What are the 11 main characteristics of computer?

There are 12 characteristics of the computer you are going to read in this article,

  • High Speed
  • Accuracy
  • Storage
  • Diligence & Power
  • Increased Productivity
  • Faster Communication
  • Effective Sharing of Information
  • Automation
  • Paperless Environment
  • Reliability
  • Versatility
Characteristics of Computer

Let’s discuss all characteristics of computer in detail:-

High Speed – The Processing speed of the computer is very fast. The computers we use today have the speed of Nano and Pico seconds, Which means that a computer can perform millions of processing within fractions of a second.

The speed of the computers also makes the machine ideal for calculating and processing large amounts of data, as in accounting systems and scientific applications.

Accuracy – The Computer’s accuracy is consistently high. It never makes mistakes and you can believe their output results. Most probably the error occurs due to the user rather than any computer fault.

Computer can do repetitive job with the same accuracy and efficiency.

Storage – Storage is the most efficient feature of the computer Different storage devices stores the data for which the user wants to retrieve it for future use.

A normal human can’t store too much data in their brain but can computer can store data as much as you want.

They can store data in Byte, KB, MB, GB, TB, and PB you can store millions of data by using a storage device, it can be an internal or external device.

The storage capacity has special importance in today’s information age. The storage capacity of various computers is different but finite.

Diligence & Power – Being a machine, a computer does not suffer from the human traits of tiredness, lack of concentration, and exhaustion.

They can work for hours without tiredness and give accurate results every time. It can do repetitive jobs again and again without getting bored.

Increased Productivity – Unfortunately, sometimes computers eliminate jobs, most notably in factories, but can also be helpful in many tasks.

Office workers, who use computers, do their jobs better and faster than the other employees without computer.

Faster Communication / Lower Cost – In the past, it took a long time for any news or message to be send.

Now the computer can be used to communicate in different ways like chatting, video chat, E-mail, and etc. It saves a lot of time and it is also cost-effective than the other modes of communication.

Effective Sharing of Information – With the help of computers, information can be shared by people all around the world. A computer uses the internet to do these tasks.

Peoples can share opinions, news, and information through discussion groups, mailing list and forums.

Automation – Automation means working automatically, You can schedule the tasks you have to do in the future then it’s all done by the computer itself.

Some programs are made to help the computers in these tasks. In case of any error, it will show you the error result with the error details.

Paperless Environment – Computer has created the term Paperless environment. This means information can be stored and use through the digital medium instead of paper.

Online communications via E-mail, chat, and PDF files helps in creating the paperless Environment for the world.

Reliability – High reliability means a low failure rate, it gives you confidence that a computer is reliable and doesn’t give wrong data. All results given out by computer are 100% correct and Accurate.

Versatility – Computers can be used for many jobs and are capable of performing almost any type of job. It can be used in every area of applications for different purposes.

Limitations Of Computer

Depend On the user Input — A computer can’t do anything on its own, there is a user who enters the instructions into the computer then the computer perform those instructions. Computer totally depends on the user instruction which can be given by mouse, keyboard or in other forms.

Zero IQ — Computer doesn’t have their own intelligence It totally depends on the program, if the program is wrongly done then results also comes wrong. Every small task has to be programmed in a computer to get the exact results you want.

No Feelings — Humans can take decisions according to their feelings where the computer doesn’t have any kind of feelings. They have memory but they can’t perform like humans.

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