Line configuration in computer network- Best answer you should know


Line configuration in a computer network refers to the way 2 or more communication devices are attached to a link.

A link is the physical communication pathway that transfers data from one device to a different one.

For the purposes of visualization, it is easy to imagine any link as a line drawn between two points.

For communication to occur, two devices must be connected in how to an equivalent link at an equivalent time.

Line configuration explains the attachment of communication devices to a link.

There are two types of line configurations:-

  • point-to-point
  • Mmultipoint.
Line configuration in computer network


A point-to-point network provides a fanatical link between two devices. The entire capacity of the channel is reserved for transmission between those 2 devices.

Most point-to-point line configurations have an actual length of wire or cable to attach the 2 ends, but other options, like microwave or satellite links, also are possible.

When you change T.V channels by infrared remote, you’re establishing a point-to-point line configuration between the remote and therefore the television’s system.

Line configuration in computer network

Point-to-point topology is taken into account to be one of the simplest and most conventional network topologies. It is also the simplest to establish and understand.

To visualize, one can consider the point-to-point network topology as two phones connected end to end for two-way communication.


A multipoint (also called multidrop) is one during which quite two specific devices share one link.

In multipoint surroundings, the capability of the channel is shared, either spatially or temporally.

If several devices can use the link simultaneously, it’s a spatially shared line configuration.

If users must alternate, it’s a time-shared line configuration in the computer network.

Line configuration in computer network

More than two devices share the Link that’s the capacity of the channel is shared now. With shared capacity, there are often two possibilities during a Multipoint Line Config:

Spatial Sharing: If many devices will share the link at the same time, it’s known as Spatially shared line- configuration.

Temporal (Time) Sharing: If users must alternate using the link, then it’s called Temporally shared or Time Shared Line-Configuration.

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